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Preparing DPR in Land acquisition Projects

Land acquisition in India refers to the process by which the union or a state government in India acquires private land for the purpose of industrialisation, development of infrastructural facilities or urbanisation of the private land, and provides compensation to the affected landowners and their rehabilitation and resettlement. Generally a corridor is prepared which is referred as ROW (Right of Way) as required for the project development. Further the survey boundaries which are infringing into the ROW is required to be estimated for compensation of the acquired areas within a boundary or a parcel. This type of work is widely taken up for Road Projects (New and strengthening and widening Projects), Canal, Railways etc.…. One has to submit this document as a part of preparation of detailed project report(DPR).

Creating Parcels in CAD packages for DPR Preparation

  1. Defined ROW lines are highlighted.
  2. New polygons are drawn depicting the acquisition Part. A Sample is attached below. Refer the Blue Coloured polygon in the survey No:33/2
  3. CAD
  4. The area of this polygons can be found by giving command like “list” or “area”.
  5. This area is then entered in Excel or equivalent along with other details like, village name, Taluk Name, District name, Owner name and other details. Normally, information related to a Survey boundary will be available in RTC(Rights, Tenancy and Crops) / Pahanis.
  6. Then the area of the considered polygon is also shown in the drawing.
  7. This is repeated for all the areas which are required to be acquired as shown in Sample below.
  8. CAD
  9. There may be some non compensatory areas like Existing road, Nala, or any other land piece which may belong to the Government. These are to be estimated and to be listed in the non compensatory category. The steps for preparing drawings of a non compensatory polygon will be similar to the one explained above. These areas are entered in excel separately in different worksheet. The non compensatory area is subtracted from the area of acquisition. A Sample Excel out file is shown below.
  10. CAD

For each and every survey number coming under ROW, this expertise is required to be repeated, which may take a lot of time. Understanding this difficulty faced by the organizations, ESurveying has come up with a Unique solution for preparing such DPR easily. Please read information about the Parcel Module of ESurvey Civil Tools to know more.


What is Pahani(RTC)?

Pahani (RTC) is a very important revenue record, as it contains details of land, such as owners' details, area, assessment, water rate, soil type, nature of possession of the Land, Liabilities, Tenancy and Crops grown, etc.

RTC - Rights, Tenancy and Crops

What does RTC / Pahani contain?
Pahani contains valuable data related to piece of Land. It has the following information:
1. Survey Number and Hissa Number of Land.
2. Total Land under the Pahani.
3. Land Revenue details.
4. Land Owner's name with Extents and Khatha Number.
5. The way land is acquired by the owner.
6. Government/Public rights on the Land. 
7. Liabilities of the Owners of the Land.
8. Classification of the Soil.
9. Number of Trees.
10. Source of irrigation and area irrigated.
11. Cultivators Details.
12. Utilisation of land under various categories.
13. Details of Crops grown season-wise.
14. Details of Mixed Crops.